Man has been known to make use of race horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences uncover that as early as 4500 BC, the nomadic people of Central Asia has already developed systems of horse racing. Actually, the Greeks tend to be known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.
Both the chariot horse racing and the mounted horse racing were popular during these ages. These types of later became an obsession among Romans once they have adopted the sport.
For thousand of years that followed, this kind of sports was considered to be performed only for the noble men as well as royalties.
Contemporary racing is believed to have started in the 12th hundred years when the first breeding between Arabian as well as English horses were made. These were sparred by the return of the noble knights to the mother land after the Crusades. These are known to possess produced sturdy race horses with excellent speed. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse as well as put them into tracks. This breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of these days which is still typically the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.
King Charles II was known to have held horse races in his private courses during 1660 in order to 1685.
By the 16th century, the English have been known to make a quantity of racecourses. Queen Anne who founded the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.
Halfway in 1700ï¿½s, the Jockey Club was created through the initiation of the elite figures involved with horse racing. This organization was the very first legion of jockeys which established the comprehensive rules and regulations including the standards as covered by the actual sports activities. Thus, they became the overseers of the sports as well as sanctioned horse racing occasions.
The Jockey Club was also the actual initiator for the legislation of breeding among race horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the book of the General Stud Book, which was essentially, the basis of authority when it comes to the breeds that may be put to competition. According to the General Stud Book, only those pedigrees that have descended from the line of the “foundations sires” are thought as Thoroughbreds. The foundation sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian as well as Godolphin Arabian.
Only in 17th century did the sport arrive in America for which the initial racetrack was seen in the Long Island. Although it has turned into a favorite past time among Americans, no one initiated the actual formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Due to the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, as well as widespread betting on horse races, the sport grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are known to be on regular operation in the united kingdom.
Because of the lack of a governing body, this sport had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most prominent and high-ranking stable owners met and organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the Jockey Club in England.
These days the sport has reached various countries across the globe. Governing bodies were also formed to manage the horse racing events.